Herbert Ingram

Herbert Ingram


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Herbert Ingram rođen je u Bostonu, Lincolnshire, 27. maja 1811. Nakon što se školovao u lokalnoj besplatnoj školi, postao je šegrt u štamparskoj djelatnosti. Kada je Ingram završio obuku, preselio se u London, gdje je radio kao štampar kalfa.

Godine 1832. Ingram je u Nottinghamu osnovao vlastiti posao štamparije i trafika. Kao prodavač novina primijetio je da se njihova prodaja povećala u rijetkim prilikama u kojima su novine uključivale drvoreze. Stoga je došao do zaključka da bi bilo moguće ostvariti dobru zaradu od časopisa koji je sadržavao veliki broj ilustracija.

Ingram se vratio u London i nakon što je o tome razgovarao sa svojim prijateljem, Markom Lemonom, urednikom časopisa Punch, odlučio je pokrenuti vlastiti časopis. S Lemonom kao glavnim savjetnikom, prvo izdanje časopisa Ilustrirane londonske vijesti pojavio se 14. maja 1842. Časopis je koštao šest penija, imao je šesnaest stranica i trideset dva drvoreza.

Ingram je bio ustrajni liberal koji se zalagao za društvenu reformu. On je najavio u Ilustrirane londonske vijestida bi briga časopisa bila "sa engleskom sirotinjom", a "tri bitna elementa razgovora s nama bit će loši zakoni, fabrički zakoni i rad rudarskog sistema". Časopis je odmah postigao uspjeh i prvo izdanje prodano je u 26.000 primjeraka. U roku od nekoliko mjeseci prodavalo se preko 65.000 primjeraka sedmično. Oglasi su naplaćivali visoke cijene i Ingram je uskoro zarađivao 12.000 funti godišnje od ovog izdavačkog poduhvata.

1856. Ingram je postao kandidat liberala na dodatnim izborima u svom rodnom gradu Bostonu. Uz pomoć svog prijatelja Marka Lemona i Douglasa Jerrolda u Punch, i od tima u Ilustrirane londonske vijesti, Ingram je zagovarao politiku socijalne reforme. Ingram je ljudima u Bostonu rekao da im je potreban "predstavnik koji je istovremeno proizvod i utjelovljenje progresivnog duha tog doba". Biračko tijelo je odgovorilo na Ingramovu poruku i on je odnio ogromnu pobjedu. Međutim, nekoliko dnevnih novina je napalo Punch i London Illustrated News za ulogu koju su odigrali u Ingramovoj pobjedi.

Godine 1860. Ingram je sa najstarijim sinom otišao u Ameriku kako bi nabavio materijal za Ilustrirane londonske vijesti. 8. rujna, Ingram je bio na brodu Lady Elgin, kada je brod potopljen nakon sudara s drugim brodom na jezeru Michigan. Herbert Ingram, njegov sin i gotovo svi putnici bili su utopljeni.


Rječnik nacionalne biografije, 1885-1900/Ingram, Herbert

INGRAM, HERBERT (1811–1860), vlasnik „Ilustrovanih londonskih vijesti“, rođen je u Bostonu, Lincolnshire, 27. maja 1811. godine, a obrazovao se u besplatnoj školi u Bostonu. Sa četrnaest godina bio je šegrt kod Josepha Clarkea, štampara, Market Place, Boston. Od 1832. do 1834. radio je kao kalfa u Londonu, a oko 1834. nastanio se u Nottinghamu kao štampar, prodavač knjiga i trafika, u partnerstvu sa svojim šurjakom, Nathanielom Cookeom. U društvu sa svojim partnerom ubrzo je nakon toga kupio od T. Robertsa, ljekarnika u Manchesteru, račun za tablete jakog spoja i zaposlio upravitelja škole da napiše njenu istoriju. Ingram je tvrdio da je od potomka Thomasa Parra, poznatog kao Old Parr, za kojeg se govorilo da je doživio sto pedeset dvije godine, primio tajnu metodu pripreme tablete od povrća kojoj se pripisuje Parrov životni vijek (Medicinski cirkular, 23. februara 1853, str. 146–7, 2. marta, str. 167–8). Uglavnom kako bi reklamirali pilulu koju su njeni vlasnici preselili u London 1842.

U međuvremenu je Ingram projektovao ilustrovane novine. Odavno je primijetio kako se potražnja za "Nedeljnom hronikom" povećavala u rijetkim prilikama kada je sadržavala duborez, pa su 14. maja 1842. on i njegov partner proizveli prvi broj "Ilustrovanih londonskih vijesti". Njihov originalni dizajn bio je to je ilustrirani sedmični zapis o kriminalu, ali Henry Vizetelly, koji je bio zaposlen u novinama, uvjerio je Ingrama da mu da općenitiji karakter. Izvještaje policije u ulici Bow Street ilustrirao je Crowquill. Prvi broj lista, objavljen na šest penija, sadrži šesnaest odštampanih stranica i trideset dva sečenja drveta, a u opticaju je dvadeset šest hiljada primjeraka. Zaposleni su najbolji umjetnici i pisci tog doba. Frederick William Naylor Bayley, poznat kao Alphabet Bayley ili Omnibus Bayley, bio je urednik, a John Timbs je bio urednik. Novine su stalno napredovale u korist javnosti i uskoro su izašle u tiražu od šezdeset šest hiljada primjeraka. Velika izložba 1851. dala joj je daljnji poticaj, a 1852. je prodano četvrt milijuna primjeraka šilinga koji prikazuje sahranu vojvode od Wellingtona. Na Božić 1855. izašao je prvi broj koji sadrži otiske u boji. Oglasi su naplaćivali visoke cijene, a prosječna zarada na papiru postala je 12.000l. godišnje. Uspjeh poduzeća uzrokovao je Andrew Spottiswoode, kraljičin štampar, da pokrene suparnički list, "Pictorial Times", u kojem je izgubio 20.000l., a zatim ga prodao Ingramu, koji ga je nakon toga spojio u svoj vlastiti poduhvat, 'Ženske novine'. Drugi rival bio je 'Illustrated Times', koji je započeo Henry Vizetelly 9. juna 1855. godine, a koji je također došao u Ingramove ruke , a 1861. godine uključen je u 'Penny Illustrated Paper.' (Ingram protiv Stiff -a, 1. oktobra 1859, in Izvještaji pravnika, 1860, v. Pt. i. str. 947–8). Oduševljen uspjehom 'Ilustriranih londonskih vijesti', Ingram je 1. veljače 1848. pokrenuo 'London Telegraph' u kojem je predložio da se dnevno za tri penija daje onoliko vijesti koliko i drugi časopisi isporučuju za pet penija. List je objavljen u podne, kako bi pružio kasnije obavještajne podatke od jutarnjih novina. Započeo je romanom Albert Smith "The Pottleton Legacy", ali spekulacije su bile neisplative, pa se posljednji broj pojavio 9. jula 1848.

Osim što su izdavali novine, Ingram i Cooke su iznijeli mnoge knjige, uglavnom ilustrirana djela. 1848. partnerstvo je raspušteno, a izdavačku djelatnost granu poslovanja preuzeo je Cooke. Od 7. marta 1856. do svoje smrti Ingram je bio M.P. za Boston. U zlom času upoznao je Johna Sadleira [q. v.], M.P. za Sliga, mlađeg gospodara riznice, i nedužno je dopustio Sadleiru da koristi njegovo ime u vezi sa lažnim kompanijama koje su osnovali Sadleir i njegov brat James, uglavnom u Irskoj. Nakon Sadleirovog samoubistva 16. februara 1856, među njegovim papirima pronađeni su dokumenti koji su omogućili Vincentu Scullyju, bivšem članu Sliga, da pokrene protiv Ingrama tužbu za povrat nekih gubitaka koje je pretrpio zbog Sadleirovih prijevara (Zakon Mag. I Zakon o reviziji, februar 1862., str. 279–81). Presuda je doneta protiv Ingrama, ali sudija i porota složili su se da je njegova čast neokaljana. Napustio je Englesku sa najstarijim sinom 1859., dijelom zbog zdravlja, a dijelom radi ilustracije turneje Princa od Walesa po Americi. 1860. posjetio je glavne gradove Kanade. 7. rujna prošao je put u Chicagu na brodu Lady Elgin na ekskurziju kroz jezero Michigan do jezera Superior. Brod je 8. septembra potonuo u sudaru s drugim brodom, a on i njegov sin, sa gotovo svim putnicima i posadom, bili su utopljeni. Ingramovo tijelo je pronađeno i sahranjeno na bostonskom groblju u Lincolnshireu 5. oktobra. Kip je podignut u sjećanje na Ingrama u Bostonu 1862. Oženio se, 4. jula 1843., Anne Little of Eye, Northamptonshire.

Njegov najmlađi sin, Walter Ingram (1855–1888), postao je oficir jelmanije Middlesex i s velikim uspjehom proučavao vojnu taktiku. Na početku ekspedicije lorda Wolseleya u Kartum 1884. godine, Ingram se popeo na Nil u svom parnom lansiranju, pridružio se brigadi ser Herberta Stewarta u njenom maršu preko pustinje, pridružio se mornaričkom korpusu lorda Charlesa Beresforda i sudjelovao u bitkama Abu Klee i Metammeha, nakon čega je otpratio ser Charlesa Wilsona i lorda Charlesa Beresforda uz Nil do Kartuma. Njegove usluge spominjane su u depeši, a on je nagrađen medaljom (Sir C. Wilson, Od Kortija do Kartuma, 1886, str. 120 puta, 11. aprila 1888, str. 5). Ubio ga je slon tokom lovačke ekspedicije u blizini Berbere, na istočnoj obali Afrike, 6. aprila 1888.

[Mackayevo četrdeset godina sjećanja, 1877, ii. 64–75 Jackson's Pictorial Press, 1885, str. 284–311, s portretom Hatton's Journalistic London, 1882, str. 24, 221–39, s portretom Bourne's English Newspaper Press, 1887, ii. 119–124, 226–7, 235, 251, 294–8 Grant's Newspaper Press, 1872, iii. 129–32 Andrewsovo britansko novinarstvo, 1859, ii. 213, 255–6, 320, 336, 338, 340 Knjižara, 26. septembra 1860, str. 558 Gent. Mag. Novembar 1860, str. 554–6 Godišnji registar, 1860, str. 154–6 puta, 24. septembar 1860, str. 7, 27. septembar str. 10 Ilustrovane londonske vesti, 29. septembar 1860, str. 285, 6. oktobar, str. 306–7, s portretom, 26. septembra 1863., str. 306, 309, s pogledom na statuu Boston Gazette, 29. septembra i 6. oktobra 1860.]


Smrt gospodina Herberta Ingrama na Lady Elgin

. ".. G. Herbert Ingram, M.P., napustio je Liverpool u četvrtak prošle godine za Sjevernu Ameriku u Kanadu u pratnji svog sina, majstora H. Ingrama." .

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI

Subota, 29. septembar 1860, sv. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1052

SMRT GOSPODINA. HERBERT INGRAM,

"Drhtavom rukom i tužnim srcem objavljujemo smrt gospodina Herberta Ingrama, M. P., osnivača i jedinog vlasnika ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI, koji je zajedno sa svojim najstarijim sinom Herbertom poginuo na jezeru Michigan u žalosnoj katastrofi 8. inst. Iscrpljen poslovnim umorom i trudom dugog parlamentarnog zasjedanja, gospodin Ingram je tokom pauze odlučio da posjeti američki kontinent, te da tamo, u društvu svog sina, potraži hrabrog i inteligentnog dječaka od petnaest godina. , to opuštanje koje mu je prijeko bilo potrebno. Otplovio je 9. avgusta iz Sjeverne Amerike iz Liverpoola, a na vrijeme je sletio u Quebec kako bi svjedočio, nakon što je prešao Donji St. Lawrence, zakucavši posljednji klin Viktorijinog mosta u Montrealu od strane princa Wales. Tu se gospodin Ingram oprostio od grupe prijatelja koji su mu, pri slijetanju, prisustvovali, izjavljujući da želi biti tiši, te je otišao do slapova Niagare, gdje je boravio [sic] nekoliko dana, uživajući u veličini pejzaža oko sebe s najvećom zahvalnošću. U jednom od mnogih karakterističnih pisama koja je primio od njega kaže: --- Hvala Bogu, bio sam da vidim vodopade Nijagare. Čini se da njihovo razmatranje uzdiže dok me smiruje i usred ovih čuda stvaranja zaboravljam stvarnosti i smetnje života. Iz Niagare je g. Ingram otišao u Chicago, odakle je prvo predložio da putuje preko prerija, da slijedi Mississippi do New Orleansa, pa odatle do New Yorka, ali posebno do Bostona, za koji su ga stara povijesna udruženja odlučila donijeti zaključak svog boravka u Sjedinjenim Državama. U posljednjem pismu koje je primio od Čikaga od 7. septembra navodi, međutim, da je odlučio posjetiti Superior jezero i produžiti boravak u Americi, predlažući povratak u Englesku krajem oktobra. On je napustio Čikago u ponoć 7. septembra u pratnji svog sina-a naši čitaoci znaju tužan nastavak priče. Treba, međutim, dodati da je njegovo tijelo izbačeno na obalu šesnaest milja od Čikaga, i upravo u vrijeme kada je jedan od njegovih prijatelja, gospodin Hayward, stigao na mjesto. Uloženi su svi napori da se obnovi život, ali uzalud. Gospodin Hayward u pismu s najviše osjećaja navodi da je lice g. Ingrama u smrti bilo savršeno mirno i mirno. "

"Herbert Ingram, rođen u Bostonu, imao je četrdeset i devetu godinu života. U tom je gradu započeo aktivnu karijeru, s jedanaest godina, kao štampar, a i kao šegrt i kao kompozitor radio je mnogo toga dobar, naporan radni dan. Stoga je nastojao pomoći u izdržavanju svoje porodice, koja je, stara i veoma cijenjena, uživala u bogatom bogatstvu. Interesima Bostona, kao svog rodnog grada, posvetio je cijeli život veliki dio rad njegove neumorne prirode. Čista voda koju njeni građani piju-gas koji ih osvjetljava-nedavno otvorena željeznica, koja povezuje njihov grad sa srednjim okruzima Engleske-i mnogi drugi radovi koji sada Ostanite, nosite utisak njegove hraniteljske ruke i ljubazne brige. U Bostonu je, kako su svjesni mnogi njegovi prijatelji, namjeravao provesti večer svojih dana, odmarajući se od mnogih trudova na svom imanju u opatiji Swineshead. Boston je bio pravedan ponosan na njega i kroz sve mnoge faze svog bogatog života prepoznat njegove zasluge i nepokolebljivo mu je ulilo poverenje. Tri puta uzastopno vraćen je kao njen predstavnik u parlament, i to uvijek po odluci i nepogrešivo većinom.

"Njegovi posmrtni ostaci, za koje se očekuje da će stići u Englesku za nekoliko dana, bit će sahranjeni u Bostonu.

"Mir u pepeo tako vrijednog i tako izvrsnog čovjeka --- ljubaznog muža, popustljivog roditelja, vjernog prijatelja i dobrog građanina!

"Kao osnivač ovih novina, on je započeo još jedno doba u širenju znanja, popularizaciji i promociji umjetnosti. On je uveo novo sredstvo poboljšanog obrazovanja, --- novu mašineriju, pomoću koje se, u slikama, može bilježiti kao i po opisu, tek što prolazi, istoriju svijeta. Ovaj je dokument bio predmet njegove najveće brige i najvećeg ponosa. Tek smo jučer među njegovim najcjenjenijim dokumentima pronašli sačuvan relikviju, koju je svojom rukom ispisao, očigledno, ali malo prije nego što je napustio Englesku: ---
'Prvi broj ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI
--- H. I. '

"The ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI će se ubuduće voditi na načelima koja je uvijek zastupao i na način koji je njegov osnivač usvojio i odobrio. Časopis će se i dalje brinuti o onima koje je sam odabrao i kojima je dugo imao najveće povjerenje. Oni će, naravno, imati pomoć autora i umjetnika koji su do sada toliko doprinijeli popularnosti lista. To će se nastaviti u korist njegove porodice (njegova udovica je jedina vlasnica) i može se osloniti na svaki napor da se osigura nastavak te podrške za koju je pokojni gospodin Ingram radio tako gorljivo i tako uspješno. Javnost je doista već dala izvjesno uvjerenje u to u brojnim izrazima sućuti i suosjećanja koje je njegova žalosna porodica primila i iz ove županije i iz Amerike. "

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI

Subota, 29. septembar 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1052
-Stranica 285, Kolona 3-

GUBITAK "LADY ELGIN" NA JEZERU MICHIGAN

"Kasno u petak navečer, 7. jula, Lady Elgin napustila je Chicago sa četiri stotine ljudi na brodu, na izletu prema jezerima Michigan i Superior. Vjetar je snažno puhao sa sjeveroistoka, a teško more je Ali zabava je bila sretna. U salonu je bilo muzike i plesa i sve je bilo veselo poput bračnog zvona kada je, nešto poslije dva ujutro 8., došlo do iznenadne nesreće. Trideset milja od Chicaga i deset milja od kopna, izvan Waukegana, škuna Augusta, koja je činila jedanaest čvorova na sat, spustila se na osuđeni brod, udarila je u srednji prolaz, a zatim je, nakon što su joj jedra postavila i svjež vjetar, otplovio Za pola sata parobrod je potonuo u tristo metara vode, a od četiri stotine ljudi na brodu nije spaseno stotinu. Među utopljenima su gospodin Herbert Ingram, vlasnik ovog časopisa i njegov najstariji sin.

"Službenik nesrećnog broda kaže: ---

"Jedan od putnika daje sljedeće dodatne podatke: ---

"Zapovjednik, kapetan Wilson, koji je djelovao cijelo vrijeme na vrlo galantan način, samo sto metara od obale kada je poginuo.

"Kapetan Malott iz škune Augusta kaže: ---

"John Vorce, prvi partner na škuni Augusta, daje sljedeće dokaze o sudaru: ---

"Chicago Journal od 8. septembra kaže: ---

"Dječak bubnjar spasilačke garde Milwaukeea spašen je pomoću njegovog bubnja: ---

"Porota sa sjedištem u Chicagu kako bi istražila uzroke nedavne strašne katastrofe na jezeru Michigan započela je svoj rad. Nekoliko osoba koje su se nalazile na nesrećnom parobrodu ispitano je, a njihovo svjedočenje skida krivicu za događaj, ako ih ima, prema škuni Augusta, a svjedočanstva dvaju prijatelja škune dovode do istog zaključka. Čini se da su svjetla parobrodice otkrivena najmanje deset minuta prije sudara, što je svakako bilo dovoljno vremena da se omogućio je onima na brodu Augusta da preduzmu sve mjere opreza protiv nesreće.

"[Gravure Lady Elgin i Augusta, prema fotografijama koje smo upravo primile iz Chicaga, pojavit će se u našem sljedećem broju.]"

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI

U subotu, 6. oktobra 1860.
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1053
-Stranica 306-

[napomena: na ovoj stranici graviranje, s fotografije Johna Watkinsa, "Pokojnog gospodina Herberta Ingrama, magistra za Boston"]

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI

U subotu, 6. oktobra 1860.
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1053
-Stranica 307-

"DAMA ELGIN" I "AUGUSTA".

"Lady Elgin bila je brod kanadske proizvodnje, a izgrađen je prije nekih devet godina. Bio je to čamac dužine 300 stopa i tereta od 1000 tona, a imao je reputaciju brzine, što ju je učinilo omiljenom među izletnicima i putnicima Prije završetka Velike željezničke pruge Kanade, Lady Elgin je nosila kanadsku poštu duž sjevernih obala jezera, a nakon njenog završetka prodana je čikaškoj firmi Hubbard and Co., od koje je od tada u vlasništvu i koja ju je držala zaposlenom u trgovini poštom, putnicima i teretom u Lake Superior -u i Michiganu.Najzapadnija luka joj je bila Bayfield na jezeru Superior, a istočni kraj njenog putovanja bio je Chicago. voditelj plovidbe na Gornjem jezeru. Tamo i u većini luka duž obala tog velikog jezera u koje je parobrod dolazio nalaze se rudnici bakra. Gospa Elgin je obično vršila tri godišnja izleta na Gornje jezero, počevši od C hicago i dok je krenula na posljednju od tri ekskurzije za ovu godinu, srela je svoju sudbinu. Kapetan nesrećnog parobrodom bio je gospodin John Wilson, koji joj je komandovao otkad je promijenila vlasništvo i bio je najpopularniji i omiljeni majstor među putnicima i putnicima koji su ga poznavali. Imao je značajno iskustvo u plovidbi jezerima, angažirajući se na njemu desetak godina. Napušta porodicu kako bi žalio zbog svoje iznenadne i neočekivane smrti.

"Škuna Augusta, plovilo koje je naletjelo na Lady Elgin, u vlasništvu je gospodina Georgea W. Bissella iz Detroita, a njime je zapovijedao kapetan Malott. Nije uspjela pobjeći bezobzirna u sudaru, cijela oprema za glavu, tračnica, Zaista, pretpostavljalo se da će se plovilo napuniti, a jedro je uzeto i sidro uklonjeno zbog straha od ovog rezultata. Posljednja pošta: Kapetan Malott je bio ispitan, a njegovi dokazi, prema čikaškim časopisima, jedva da su ostavljali prostora za sumnju da je žalosna nesreća ona nad kojom on barem nema kontrolu.
"Prema najboljim mjerama, broj osoba na brodu Lady Elgin kada je napustila Chicago bio je 393, uključujući i posadu. Od njih 114 prijavljeno je kao spašeno. To bi ostavilo 279 izgubljenih, od kojih su tijela samo 67 oporavljen do 14. ult. "

[napomena: na vrhu kratkog članka ove stranice (str. 307), graviranje, "sa fotografije S. Alschulera", "Parobrodice na jezeru Lady Elgin", dok je tog dana ležala na svom pristaništu pre nego što se izgubila.]

[napomena: ispod članka, na istoj stranici (str. 307), nalazi se gravura, "sa fotografije S. Alschulera", "Škune Augusta" u luci u Čikagu nakon njenog sudara s Lady Elgin.]

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI
U subotu, 13. oktobra 1860.
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1054
-Stranica 329, pri dnu kolone 2-

[Strane i kolonijalne vijesti iz Sjedinjenih Država]

. ".. Porota mrtvozornika u katastrofi s Lady Elgin vratila je svoju presudu. Oni osuđuju vlasti Lady Elgin zbog prevelikog broja putnika, ali glavnu krivicu za katastrofu prenose na službenike škune Augusta, proglašavajući drugi pomoćnik tog broda nesposoban. " .

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI
U subotu, 13. oktobra 1860.
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1054
-Stranica 337, Kolona 3-

. "IZBORI ZA BOSTON .---Glasnik od utorka sadrži obavještenje predsjednika Donjeg doma o tome da mu je smrt g. Herberta Ingrama, pokojnog člana Bostona, ovjerena pod rukama dva člana Donji dom, desni gospodine, će, na kraju četrnaest dana nakon umetanja obavijesti, izdati novi nalog za izbor člana koji će služiti za spomenutu općinu. " .

ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI
U subotu, 13. oktobra 1860.
Vol. XXXVII ---- Ne. 1054
-Stranica 345, Kolone 1 & amp 2-

SAGLEDNIK GOSPODINA. HERBERT INGRAM,
M.P. FOR BOSTON.

"Posmrtni ostaci ovog oplakivanog gospodina sahranjeni su jučer sedmice na novom groblju u Bostonu u Lincolnshireu, čiji su stanovnici svjedočili o svom dubokom poštovanju prema pokojniku, potpuno se suzdržavajući od posla tokom dana, i isprativši tijelo njihovog časnog građanina do njegovog konačnog počivalište 'među ljudima koje je toliko volio.' Iz Manchester Examiner-a i Times-a kopiramo sljedeći izvještaj o odvoženju posmrtnih ostataka gospodina Ingrama iz Chicaga u ovu zemlju i njihovom sahranjivanju u njegovom rodnom mjestu: ---

"Prošlo je samo dvije sedmice otkako su u ovu zemlju stigle prve vijesti o strašnoj nesreći na jezeru Michigan, u kojoj su ovaj gospodin i njegov najstariji sin, sa stotinama drugih osoba, izgubili živote. U to vrijeme, čini se, njegovi posmrtni ostaci već bili na brodu parobrod koji ih je prenio u Englesku, pod optužbom gospodina WD Stansella, poslovnog agenta ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI. Gotovo je nepotrebno podsjećati naše čitaoce na to da je gospodin Ingram bio vlasnik. Gospodin Ingram i njegov sin putovali su na izlet i bili su bez nadzora u vrijeme kada je katastrofa zadesila parobrod u kojem su bili putnici. Nijedna osoba koja je s njima bila u svezi nije bila svjesna da su se tada nalazili u blizini jezera Michigan, pa je njihova posjeta bila iznenadna i neočekivana odstupanja od rute na koju je prethodno krenuo gospodin Ingram. Prvu prijetnju o njihovom gubitku koju je primio bilo koji od prijatelja gospodina Ingrama sadržala je u običnim novinskim telegramima koji su objavljeni u Torontu 10. Toronto se nalazi na udaljenosti od oko 700 milja ili željeznicom u trajanju od dvadeset pet sati od Čikaga, odakle su došle tužne vijesti. Gospodin Stansell se tada zatekao u Torontu, i zapravo je bio na tački da se počne sastajati sa gospodinom Ingramom na Niagari, po dogovoru tog gospodina. Odmah je krenuo na svoje dugo putovanje kako bi utvrdio istinitost pročitanog. Stigao je u Čikago u utorak navečer, i svaka trajna nada da su gospodin Ingram ili njegov sin mogli pobjeći bila je odmah raspršena. Telo gospodina Ingrama ležalo je u hotelu Briggs House u Čikagu. Čim je moguće nakon što su posmrtni ostaci iskrcani, vodilo se računa da se oni zadrže u stanju za identifikaciju.
"Stanovnici Čikaga bili su duboko pogođeni strašnim događajem u kojem je stradao veliki broj ljudskih bića, a posebno su bili impresionirani melanholičnom sudbinom gospodina Ingrama i njegovog sina, toliko daleko od njihove kuće i Od svih onih kojima su prijatelji pokojnika pod posebnom obavezom za prijateljske usluge možemo spomenuti gospodina Francuza, upravnika hotela Briggs House, gospodina Wilkinsa, britanskog konzula u Chicagu i gospodina Haywarda, rezidentni Englez.

"Nakon što je tamo čekao tri dana, uzaludno se nadajući da će tijelo sina g. Ingrama biti pronađeno, g. Stansell je napustio Chicago s tijelom na putu za Englesku u petak, 14. septembra. Posmrtni ostaci g. Ingrama ispraćena je od hotela do stanice Velike zapadne željeznice povorkom od više od 800 britanskih stanovnika u susjedstvu, kojoj je prethodila muzička grupa koja je svirala 'The Dead March in Saul'. Prisustvovali su čitavi članovi Čikaškog društva St. George's, a gospodin Stansell je od njih primio pismenu poruku saosjećanja sa gnjevnom rodbinom g. Ingrama u Engleskoj. Dobili smo kopiju dokumenta je kako slijedi: ---


"Chicago, Illinois, SAD, 14. septembra 1860.

Poštovani gospodine, --- Na odlasku iz našeg grada na vaše melanholično putovanje, članovi dobrotvornog udruženja Svetog Georgija iz Chicaga žele da sa sobom ponesete ožalošćenu porodicu našeg pokojnog zemljaka naše najiskrenije saučešće prema njima u nevolji s čime je bilo drago Svemogućem Bogu da ih posjeti i, iako nije u našoj moći ni ublažiti njihove nedaće u nepopravljivom gubitku koji su pretrpjeli, niti ublažiti tugu koja mora biti neizbježna posljedica ove velike nesreće, ipak mogu i mogu, ozbiljno i pobožno, moliti Velikog Raspoloživog za sve događaje da izlije melem utjehe na njihove ranjene duhove i neka im Onaj koji temperi vjetar do ošišanog jagnjeta bude muž i otac, sve dok oni ponovo ne budu ujedinjeni u onom gornjem i boljem svijetu, gdje zli prestaju uznemiravati i gdje će umorni pronaći odmor.

U ime dobrotvornog udruženja Sv.
Francis Hudson, predsjednik. "

"Posmrtne ostatke gospodina Ingrama odvezla je Velika zapadna željeznica u Detroit, a odatle linijom Grand Trunk do Toronta. Stigli su u Quebec 20., a sljedećeg dana su prevezeni na brod za Englesku.
"Češki parobrod sa tijelom stigao je u Liverpool u noći na 2. trenutak. Tijelo je sletelo i predato prijateljima pokojnika, koji su čekali u Liverpoolu, u srijedu u pola dva ujutro Među gospodom koja su bila na prijemu bili su g. Nathaniel Wedd iz Bostona, ujak gospodina Ingrama g. E. Watkin iz Manchestera, stari i povjerljivi prijatelj g. J. Parry, iz Sleaforda i g. GC Leighton (menadžer), g. S. Read (umjetnik), g. Plummer i g. Clapham, iz ILUSTRIRANE LONDONSKE VIJESTI. Nakon identifikacije, tijelo je konačno stavljeno u lijes radi sahrane, a u četvrtak ujutro je odneseno u Boston. Prevezeno je mrtvačkim kolima, pričvršćenim u prvom redu za voz Velike sjeverne i Sheffieldove kompanije, polazeći sa stanice Lime-street u 8.45 za Manchester, te je odatle činilo dio posebnog voza koji je krenuo s London-road stanica u deset sati i stigla u Boston u 13.50 sati, tačno vrijeme navedeno u aranžmanima. Ruta je vodila Sheffieldovom linijom do Retforda, odatle Velikom sjevernom do raskrsnice Barkstone, a od tog mjesta preko željezničke pruge Boston i Sleaford, čiji je poduhvat gospodin Ingram bio najveći vlasnik, i bio je predsjedavajući od njenog početka.
"Osim gospode koja su pratila pogrebnu kočiju od Liverpoola do Bostona, u Manchesteru su je dočekali i gospodin George Wilson, gospodin SP Robinson i gospodin Bradford, iz zgrada Newall-a, a dio udaljenosti i pratnja uključivali su g. S. Leesa i g. T. Robertsa iz Manchestera. Stanica Sleaford bila je okupljena tugom, a voz je tamo dočekao veliki skup ljudi, uključujući vikara (velečasnog J. Yarburgh) i mnoge druge uticajni stanovnici tog mjesta. Na stanici u Bostonu okupilo se više stotina ljudi koji su ulicama grada ispratili zaprežnu kočiju koja je tijelo prenijela u rezidenciju gospodina Wedda. Među svim klasama stanovništva Bostona, i bez ikakve razlike koja proizlazi iz protivljenja političkih stavova, došlo je do nedvosmislenog priznanja ozbiljnog javnog gubitka pretrpljenog smrću gospodina Ingrama. Stoga su njegovi sugrađani i birači željeli podijeliti sve što je u njihovoj moći g posljednje žalosne počasti gospodinu čiju su dobrotu i raspoloženje i privrženost mjestu rođenja imali više puta cijeniti. Bez pokušaja nabrajanja važnih koristi koje mu je dao gospodin Ingram, možemo spomenuti da grad duguje svom poduzetništvu i velikodušnosti sadašnje obilne zalihe vode, kao i osnivanje plinare. Lokalni osjećaj ponosa u posjedu gospodina Ingrama kao reprezentativnog čovjeka bio je toliko općenit da je gotovo bilo dovoljno da se osigura njegov povratak u Parlament, kada je na kraju zatražio čast i to je uglavnom bio osjećaj ličnog poštovanja i uvažavanja za njega zbog čega je sve protivljenje njegovom izboru bilo prekinuto.
"Sjednica gradskog vijeća Bostona održana je u ponedjeljak, na kojoj je predsjedavao gospodin JC Little, gradonačelnik, kada je jednoglasno usvojena rezolucija sa sljedećim učinkom, na prijedlog gospodina Clegga, koji je poslao gospodin Alderman Gask: ---

"Možda je suvišno reći da prirodna osjećanja ljudi u Bostonu, kako su iznijeli članovi njene korporacije, nisu mogla naići na obeshrabrujuće priznanje onih koji su bili skoro povezani s pokojnikom, a ceremonija pogreba je bila, stoga, prisutan sa okolnostima koje na odgovarajući način izražavaju simpatije javnosti.
"Organizirana je vrlo impozantna i duga povorka kako bi posmrtne ostatke gospodina Ingrama ispratili do njihovog posljednjeg počivališta, koje je svod na novom groblju u Skirbecku. Ovo je otprilike milju od centra grada, odakle je povorka započeo je sljedećim redoslijedom: ---


"Dobrovoljci artiljerije i pušaka formirali su se u tržnici u dvanaest sati, a slijedili su ih slobodni zidari, Oddfellovci, Šumarci i zanatlije. Ovim redoslijedom povorka je marširala četiri za mostom, niz ulicu Bridge, oko Liquorponda- Ulica, i predvodio je sahranu iz kuće g. Nathaniel Webb [sic]. U skupštinskim prostorijama otvorila se artiljerija i puške da prihvate Gradsko vijeće i sudije između njih i ostatka povorke. Ostali prijatelji g. Ingrama , i oni koji su htjeli odati ovaj znak poštovanja njegovom sjećanju, pratili su ožalošćene. Po dolasku u kapelu na groblju povorka se zaustavila i otvorila svoje redove kako bi se omogućilo ožalošćenima, svećenstvu i ministrima vjera, Gradskom vijeću i Magistrates, to enter the chapel, after which the rest of the procession, under the direction of the Artillery and Rifle Corps, formed in three sides of a hollow square around the grave.

"During the progress of the funeral all the shops and places of business were closed, some of them (including the extensive ironworks of Mr. Tuxford) for the entire day. The streets were lined with thousands of people, who followed the procession up to the gates of the Cemetery. The carriages in the procession were seventeen in number. About fifty of the staff of the ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS were present. Among the clergymen were the Rev. Mr. Blenkin, Vicar of Boston, who officiated at the Cemetery the Rev. Mr. Oldrid, the Rev. Mr. Pettedden, and the Rev. Mr. Barker, of Rickmansworth.
"At the conclusion of the service at the Cemetery the procession formed again for return in the same order as it came, except that the carriages now took the lead. The remainder of the cortege accompanied them back to Mr. Wedd's residence, after which it marched round Liquorpond-street, up West-street and Bridge-street, to the Market-place, where it dispersed.

"It is calculated that there were upwards of ten thousand persons in the streets to witness the procession and funeral, and that more than two thousand persons marched in procession. All the vessels in port, including a French ship, kept their colours half-mast high from the time Mr. Ingram's remains arrived in Boston until the funeral was over."

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, November 3, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1058
-- Page 416, Column 3 --

[Country News Election Intelligence]

. ".. At the nomination at Boston, on Monday, for the election of a member in place of the late Mr. Herbert Ingram, the show of hands was in favour of Mr. Tuxford, the Liberal candidate but the polling on the following day resulted in the election of Mr. Malcolm, the Conservative candidate, by a large majority, the numbers at the close of the poll being---Malcolm, 533 Tuxford, 313.--. " .

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, November 10, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1059
-- Page 441, Column 3 --

"Anecdote of the Late Mr. Herbert Ingram M.P.----The Quebec correspondent of the Montreal Gazette says:---"I heard, the other day, that Mr. Ingram, the lamented late proprietor of the ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS, was in the Crown Lands Office here-- (poor fellow, he was inquiring about half a township which he proposed buying for his son)-- when, on looking through one of the collections of wood, he espied a bit of whitethorn.

'What' he exclaimed, 'is there whitethorn of that size in Canada? I would buy almost as much as could be furnished me, for box in England is getting scarce, and whitethorn is the best of substitutes for wood engravers.' This just illustrates the way in which mines of riches exist among us, or whose very existence we hardly dream until we find we have destroyed them. Bass wood, button wood, white (or tulip-tree) wood, curly birch, and other kinds of timber, which used to be thought valueless, are now beginning to form articles of considerable consumption and export."

THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
Saturday, December 15, 1860,
Vol. XXXVII ---- No. 1064
-- Page 553, Column 2 --

[Country News]
. "The memorial of the late Mr. Herbert Ingram at Boston, it is decided, will consist of a white marble stature ten feet high (from the studio of Mr. Munro), on a pedestal of polished granite, at the base of which will be a fountain composed of a bronze female figure pouring water from a vase. The estimated cost is £2000." .


Old Boston

Standing on a stone plinth high above Boston Market Place is a statue of Herbert Ingram.

He was born in 1811, the son of a local butcher who died when Herbert was still an infant. He and his sister were brought up by their mother in some poverty, but he received a rudimentary education at Laughton's Charity School which in Herbert's day operated in the south-west chapel of St Botolph's, he then moved on to the much larger National School in Pump Square.
He was apprenticed to Joseph Clarke, a tradesman with premises in the Market Place. Clarke was primarily a printer, but supplemented his income with a handy side-line as a chemist and druggist, making up his own prescriptions. Herbert was acutely ambitious, and set out to learn every aspect of the printing trade.
Realising his chance of making his fortune in Boston was slim he set off for London. At the age of twenty-one he found work as a machine printer, and dedicated himself to working harder than anyone else in the trade.
He became friendly with Nathaniel Cooke, a well-educated lad from a good family, who later married his sister. Nathaniel had the literary ability which Herbert lacked - he never did master how to construct a grammatical sentence - but the two young men made a good team. Herbert had the drive and he was a born entrepreneur.

Their combined savings were enough to start a provincial business in Nottingham, where they set up as printers, newsagents and stationers. Remembering Joseph Clarke's side-line back in Boston, Herbert also devoted a corner of the shop to an agency for pills.
The partners were fortunate to come across a descendant of Thomas Parr, who had lived to the incredible age of 152. Old Thomas claimed that the secret of his longevity was a vegetable pill supplied from the recipe of Dr Snaith, back in Boston. Somehow Herbert Ingram managed to purchase the recipe, and the sale of Parr's Life Pills soon became a real bonus.
How many of the two partners' clients lived to a ripe old age history conveniently does not record, but with profits from the pills they were able to move back to London and set up a printing business in the heart of the city. Herbert Ingram's next venture was to take up an idea from a member of his staff called Marriott, and to found an illustrated weekly newspaper.
Ingram held a sincere belief that an understanding of topical news should not be the prerogative of the well-educated and the wealthy. If pictures could supplement the text, he argued, it would not be necessary to be literate in order to know what was going on in the world. So he ignored those who dismissed the idea as preposterous or a mere gimmick, and founded the 'Illustrated London News' in 1842, selling for sixpence a copy. He thus became a newspaper proprietor at the age of thirty-one, and it was certainly the first paper of its kind.


Modern Mexican History (Classic Reprint)

Extent of Mexico Mexico colonial and contemporary the northern boundary under Spain Treaty of 1819 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Purchase southern boundary in modern times conflicts with Central American states.

Physical features The Isthmus of Tehuantepec plateaus of Yucatan, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Anahuac low hot coastal plains Excerpt from Modern Mexican History

Extent of Mexico Mexico colonial and contemporary the northern boundary under Spain Treaty of 1819 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Purchase southern boundary in modern times conflicts with Central American states.

Physical features The Isthmus of Tehuantepec plateaus of Yucatan, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Anahuac low hot coastal plains eastern and western Sierras. Lower California. The great barrancas or natural gorges of the north: Cobre, Batopilas, San Carlos.

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. . više


1888, April 6: Curses of the Ingram Mummy

In an 1896 issue of The Strand magazine of London, England, an extrodinary tale was told about the final fate of Herbert Ingram, who had assisted Lord Charles Beresford in the 1884-1885 Soudan War.

Ingram had taken his own steam launch out to Egypt to volunteer for the Gorden Relief Expedition which was to travel up the Nile to assist British forces trapped in Khartoum. As a sort of souvenir of his Egyptian adventures, Ingram bought a mummy for £50 from the English Consul at Luxor, and had it shipped home from Cairo.


The Ingram Mummy, ca. 1888.
[ Larger version here ]

The mummy was that of a priest of Thetis, and a representitive from the British Museum was asked to decipher and translate the inscriptions on the mummy's case. The inscription set forth that whosoever disturbed the body of this priest should himself be deprived of decent burial: he would meet with a violent death, and his mangled remains would be "carried down by a rush of waters to the sea." The curse was found to be amusing, and soon forgotten.

Some time after sending the mummy home, Mr. Ingram and Sir Henry Meux were elephant-shooting in Somaliland, when one day the natives brought in a great chunk of dried earth, saying it was the spoor of the biggest elephant in the world. The temptation was too much for the two sportsmen, so they tracked the elephants. When they spotted the herd, Sir Henry realized he had left his elephant gun back at the camp Ingram gratiously offered his own gun for the knight to use, leaving himself with a comparatively impotent smallbore rifle. While Sir Henry followed the bull of the herd, Ingram focused on downing one of the cows. By galloping his horse by the elephant, he was able to shoot and run away, so as to hopefully take her down with a large number of small shots. but as he was watching the elephant and not his course, he was swept from his saddle by the drooping bough of a tree. The wounded elephant was on him almost the very moment he hit the ground, and Ingram was trampled to death despite his Somali servant shooting the elephant in the ear with his rifle.

For days the elephant would let no one approach the spot, but eventually Mr. Ingram's remains were reverently gathered up and buried for the time being in a ravine. However, the body was never seen again for, when an expedition was afterwards dispatched to the spot, only one sock and part of a human bone were found these pitiful relics were subsequently interred at Aden with military honors. It was discovered later that the floods caused by heavy rains had washed away Mr. Ingram's remains, thereby fulfilling the ancient prophecy — the awful threat of the priest of Thetis.

The author of the article then informed his readers that the mummy was now in the possession of Lady Valerie Meux, and that her husband, Sir Harry, had the tusks of the elephant that killed Ingram.

Right and Wrong

The Strand magazine appears to be the earliest printing of the account. and where everyone else got it from. The article is a twelve-page, illustrated interview with Lord Charles Beresford [ 1846-1919 ], and the brief account of Ingram's death and the circumstances around it fill a page and a half. The details were supplied to the author by both Lord Beresford and by Sir William Ingram [ 1847-1924 ], brother to the deceased man and Lord Beresford later repeated the story in 1914 when he published his memoirs. All of which is odd, by the way, because anyone who took a moment to research it would have found one big problem with the story as it exists.

Lieutenant Walter Herbert Ingram, son of the Herbert Ingram who founded the London Illustrated News and who was often also called 'Herbert' (očigledno) did in fact find and bring home a mummy from Egypt. Later in life. kao u several years later. he was in fact trampled to death, on April 6, 1888, by an elephant which then stood near his body for several days, and his body was indeed buried in a shallow place and subsequently washed away. Ingram had given the mummy to Lady Meux in 1886. two years prije he was trampled to death. The supposed curse of the mummy was only mentioned in print poslije his spectacular death.

It is unlikely that a curse was ever presented to Ingram or anyone he knew before his death, because the representative from the British Museum would likely have been their resident Egyptologist at the time, Dr. E.A. Wallis Budge. Though Budge didn't print anything about any initial examination of the mummy, after Lady Meux received the mummy from Ingram, she allowed Dr. Budge to do a full inspection of it. Dr. Budge published a translation of all of the hieroglyphics on the case and mummy itself in 1893. three years before The Strand published the story of the mummy's curse. Budge's translation gave the mummy's name as Nes-Amsu, second prophet of the god Amsu, and showed that the mummy's case had many classic exortations to the gods of Egypt to recognize Nes-Amsu as a good man and to help him find a good place in the afterlife. but it doesn't contain any form of curse aimmed at those who touch his body.

So, in short, two years after Walter Ingram gave the mummy to Lady Meux, he was trampled to death while hunting with her husband and this was blamed on a curse that didn't exist on the case of the mummy Lady Meux possessed. I mean, zaista, after two years with the mummy, you'd have expected Sir Henry and Lady Meux to have been victims if there was a curse, right?

The Legend. What, AGAIN.

In early to mid 1911, newspapers worldwide carried the novo 'true story' of the curse of the mummy of Nes-Amsu. Lady Meux had died on December 20, 1910, and, among other interesting clauses in her last will and testament, she bequeathed her extensive collection of Egyptian antiquities -- over 1,700 objects in all -- to the British Museum with the stipulation that they must take the whole collection, or none of it (it was to be sold off as separate pieces if they chose not to accept). Presumably, Dr. Budge was thrilled he still worked as the head of the Egyptian antiquities department at the museum. The newspapwers, however, asserted that "believers in the supernatural" were concerned about what would happen to the institution if it took the cursed mummy of Nes-Amsu into its collection.

The story of the mummy's curse was repeated in the newspapers, lest anyone doubt the danger. of course, it was a different story than the previous one, but few likely noticed.

In this new story, the mummy was first acquired by Walter Ingram, who bought it while serving in one of the Nile campaigns. due to a misunderstanding, Ingram had paid the dealer less than was expected, and in his wrath the dealer had heaped an ancient curse upon Ingram's head. After the mummy was brought to England, Ingram gave it to Lady Meux for her growing collection of Egyptian antiquities and when the hieroglyphics on the case were translated, they were found to contain the following curse: "If any person of any foreign country, whether he be black man, or Ethiopian, or Syrian, carry away this writing, or it be stolen by a thief, then whosoever does this, no offering shall be presented to their souls, they shall never enjoy a draught of cool water, they shall never more breathe the air, no son and no daughter shall arise from their seed, their name shall be remembered no longer upon earth, and most assuredly they shall never see the beams of the Disc. " i.e. the Sun God 1 .

Naturally, Ingram's death by elephant attack two years later was then implied to have been due to either the mummy's new curse, or the Egyptian dealer's uttered curse (take your pick!). In addition it was pointed out that when Sir Henry Meux died in 1900, it brought the Meux Baronetcy to an end for he and the Lady Meux had never had children, "another clause of the curse therefore being fulfilled." So, naturally, it was expected that the curse -- which for some reason mirno wasn't in Budge's translation of the heiroglyphics, and somehow let Lady Meux live for twenty-four years -- would be bad luck for the British Museum when they inheirited the mummy.

Nobody had to worry, however. for reasons never stated, the trustees of the British Museum decided to decline the bequest, and so Lady Meux's collection was put up for auction and sold piece by piece instead. Still the newspapers warned prospective buyers of the newly updated curse, only now it was claimed that the new translation was from a papyrus buried with the mummy, and not from the mummy itself or its case. It was also implied by at least one paper that Ingram may have given the mummy to Lady Meux in an attempt to pass the curse to someone else before it hit him. The warnings didn't prevent Nes-Amsu from being sold at auction to an unknown buyer, and the current whereabouts of the mummy are unknown. luckily, Budge made and published his study of the artifact before it vanished into a private collection 2 .

The legend got one more boost before it finally, quietly, was forgotten. On May 14, 1925, Henry Rider Haggard passed away at the age of 68. Haggard was the well-known author and creator of such memorable characters as the African adventurer Allan Quatermain and the enigmatic Ayesha, also known just as "She." About a year after his death, Haggard's memoirs -- Days of My Life -- was published in both book form, and serialized in The Strand Magazine of London. One of Haggard's best friends was none other than Dr. E.A. Wallis Budge of the British Museum, to whom Haggard had dedicated one of his earlier books, Zornjača. Being that Haggard couldn't resist a good story, and that a good story had already attached itself to Budge, it was natural that Haggard would have to at least mention the mummy. After summing up the basic details of the events above, Haggard wrote that he had asked Budge if he believed in curses:

" He hesitated to answer. At length he said that in the East men believed that curses took effect, and that he had always avoided driving a native to curse him. A curse launched into the air was bound to have an effect if coupled with the name of God, either on the person cursed or on the curser. Budge mentioned the case of Palmer, who cursed an Arab of Sinai, and the natives turned the curse on him by throwing him and his companions down a precipice, and they were dashed to pieces. Budge added: 'I have cursed the fathers and female ancestors of many a man, but I have always feared to curse a man himself. 3 "


Herbert Ingram anniversary celebrations 'not priority'

Herbert Ingram is credited with bringing fresh water, gas and the railways to Boston and transforming the town into a large industrial centre.

Victorian Cemetery Trust Chairman Jonathon Brackenbury said more needs to be done to celebrate his achievements.

The council said its current priority was maintaining services.

The son of a butcher, Ingram went on to become Boston's MP in 1856.

"He was instrumental in Boston expanding enormously in the 1840s and 1850s from a sleepy market town into a large industrial centre and would have been as well known as Alan Sugar or Richard Branson if he was alive today," said Mr Brackenbury.

Ingram, who founded the London Illustrated News - the first newspaper to have pictures - "deserves to be honoured a little bit more as one of the most famous Bostonians", he added.

In a statement the council said: "While Boston Borough Council recognises the important place Herbert Ingram MP had in the history and development of Boston, the current climate - when the council's priority is maintaining essential services - does not allow for the council to fund a commemoration event."

Herbert Ingram's life and achievements, especially in relation to Boston borough, will be recorded on the council's website and in a special feature in the council's monthly electronic newspaper, the Boston Bulletin, on the anniversary date - 27 May.


The Illustrated London News

Ingram moved back to London, and after discussing the matter with his friend, Mark Lemon, the editor of Punch, he decided to start his own magazine – The Illustrated London News. The first edition appeared on 14 May 1842. Costing sixpence, the magazine had 16 pages and 32 woodcuts and targeted a broadly middle-class readership. It included pictures of the war in Afghanistan, a train crash in France, a steam boat explosion in Canada, and a fancy dress ball at Buckingham Palace. That pictorials were viewed as being as important as text for reporting was clear from the first issue, which stated that the aim was to bring within the public grasp ". the very form and presence of events as they transpire and whatever the broad and palpable delineations of wood engraving can achieve, will now be brought to bear upon every subject which attracts the attention of mankind".

Ingram was a staunch Liberal who favoured social reform. He announced in The Illustrated London News that the concern of the magazine would be "with the English poor" and the "three essential elements of discussion with us will be the poor laws, the factory laws, and the working of the mining system". Despite arguing the case for social reform, the paper claimed to be nonpartisan. Its first editorial had stated, "We commence our political discourse by a disavowal of the unconquerable aversion to the name of Party." However, this may have been no more than a desire to gain the widest possible readership, because as time progressed, the paper displayed its Whig inclination. It showed moderation and caution in its reportage and this extended to that of the Irish Famine, which was largely sympathetic, even if not quite able to denounce the inadequacy of government policy or the ideas of prevailing economic or political orthodoxy. It had none of the overt negative stereotyping found in the most acerbic Punch cartoons. Overall, it shoed an attitude that England had a responsibility towards the victims of what was largely interpreted as a natural disaster.

The magazine was an immediate success, and the first edition sold 26,000 copies. Within a few months, it was selling over 65,000 copies a week. High prices were charged for advertisements, and Ingram was soon making £12,000 a year from this publishing venture. Encouraged by the success of The Illustrated London News, Ingram decided in 1848 to start a daily newspaper, the London Telegraph. When Andrew Spottiswoode started a rival paper, the Pictorial Times, Ingram purchased it and merged it with the Ilustrirane londonske vijesti. In 1855, Ingram took over another rival, the Illustrated Times.

Ingram employed leading artists of the day to illustrate social events, news stories, and towns and cities. The whole spectrum of Victorian Britain was recorded pictorially in The Illustrated London News for many decades special events were important to its success. The magazine did very well during the Great Exhibition of 1851 and the edition that reported the funeral of the Duke of Wellington in 1852 sold between 150,000 and 250,000 copies, according to various accounts. Illustrations came from all corners of the globe. By 1855, Ingram was using colour and had artists in Great Britain and continental Europe racing to the scene of stories to capture the drama in print. The Crimean War caused a further boost to sales. By 1863, after Ingram's death, The Illustrated London News was selling over 300,000 copies a week, far higher than other journals. For example, newspapers such as the Daily News sold 6,000 copies at this time, and even the largest-selling newspaper, The Times, only sold 70,000 copies.

The Illustrated London News is still published today. Alison Booth, current editor, said: "He was very inventive and far-sighted and his legacy of bringing pictures to journalism can still be seen on the front pages of newspapers and magazines all over the world. The Illustrated London News had many imitators, but none came close. His first edition featured a great fire in Hamburg, Germany, and drawings portrayed the horror for readers. The popularity of the paper soared and attracted the most talented artists."

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilustrirane londonske vijesti .


Opis

TF3244SE MARKET PLACE
716-1/7/122 (West side)
14/02/75 Statue of Herbert Ingram

Statue. 1862 by Alexander Munro, with an allegorical figure
cast by Elkington. Statue in stone, on pink granite plinth,
with niche to front with bronze female figure pouring
invisible water from a vase, possibly a reference to Ingram's
work in bringing a new water supply to Boston. Ingram, who
died in 1860, founded the Illustrated London News in 1842 and
was MP for Boston.


Lincolnshire Life

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The founder of one of the most successful newspapers in his time, a parliamentarian and reformer, Herbert Ingram is one of Boston’s most respected sons.

Herbert Ingram was born in Paddock Grove, Boston in 1811, the son of a butcher and was educated at Laughton’s Charity School and the public school in Wormgate.

On leaving school at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to Joseph Clark, the local printer. When he completed his apprenticeship he moved to London to work as a journeyman printer. In 1834 he started his own printing and newsagents business in Nottingham in partnership with his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Cooke. As a newsagent he noticed that when newspapers included woodcuts, sales increased. A business idea formed in his mind but he did not have sufficient funds to start the venture.

However, he eventually met a descendant of Thomas Parr who, it was claimed, had lived to the age of 152 and attributed his longevity to a vegetable pill of his own creation. Ingram bought the recipe to this pill and set about creating a story around the legend of Thomas Parr. The pills were marketed as Parr’s Life Pills and sold together with an explanatory leaflet entitled, ‘The Life and Times of Thomas Parr who lived to be 152.’

The pills were a huge success and provided the capital to launch the pictorial newspaper. Emboldened by this success, Ingram moved back to London and after a discussion with the editor of Punch, he decided to start his own magazine,

The Illustrated London News (ILN). The first edition appeared on 14th May 1842, priced at six old pence. The magazine had sixteen pages and thirty-two woodcuts and was aimed at a broadly middle class readership. It included images of the war in Afghanistan, a train crash in France, a speed-boat explosion in Canada and a fancy dress ball at Buckingham Palace. The pictures were regarded as being as important as the text and the magazine declared its intent to ‘bring to the public, the very form of events as they transpire.’

Ingram was a staunch liberal who favoured social reform and although the magazine claimed to be non-partisan, his reformist views were there for all to see. The magazine was an immediate success, the first edition selling 26,000 copies. Within a few months it was selling 65,000 copies a week. Rival papers started up but Ingram saw them off and bought them out. He employed leading artists of the day to illustrate the big news stories and social events from around the world.

The magazine did very well during the great exhibition of 1851 and the edition that reported the funeral of the Duke of Wellington in 1852 sold 250,000 copies. By 1855 Ingram was using colour and soon the ILN was selling over 300,000 copies a week, when The Times sold only around 70,000.

In 1856 Ingram became the Liberal candidate in a by-election in Boston and with the help of Punch and the ILN won an overwhelming victory. In Parliament, he was instrumental in bringing the railways to Boston and forged new links to the rest of the country. He also played a major part in supplying fresh piped water to the town, a move which was met with rejoicing and brass bands when the taps were turned on for the first time.

In 1860 Ingram went to the USA with his eldest son. On 8th September they were aboard the Lady Elgin on Lake Michigan when the ship collided with another vessel and sank. Herbert Ingram, his son and hundreds of other passengers were drowned. Ingram’s body was brought back to Boston where it was buried in the cemetery on Horncastle Road. Today, there is a statue of Ingram in the Market Place in front of Boston Stump.


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Komentari:

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  2. Holt

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  3. Platt

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  4. Domuro

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  5. Tier

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